Wto Agreement On Market Access
While the vast majority of agricultural tariff quotas originate in the Uruguay Round negotiations, some of these commitments have been the result of WTO accessions. Currently (July 1999), 37 members have tariff quotas set out in their schedules. In total, there are 1,374 individual tariff quotas. These tariff quotas are binding commitments, as opposed to the autonomous tariff quotas that members can set at any time, for example to stabilize the domestic price after a poor harvest. Substantial reduction of tariff and non-tariff barriers to market entry is, along with the elimination of discrimination, the WTO`s most important instrument in achieving its overall objectives. The facilitator aims to help small and medium-sized enterprises increase trade by using global trade opportunities in the form of low tariffs under trade agreements. The tool can also be used by policy makers, trade negotiators, economists and various other users. Any user can simply search for information about the original criteria, other rules of origin and business documents by entering the SH code of their product. Tariff Analysis Online is a mechanism developed by the WTO to support the investigation and analysis of customs data stored in two WTO databases: the Integrated Database (IDB, which contains general information on current tariffs and imports) and consolidated tariff protocols (STCs), including binding commitments by members on maximum tariffs.
The information contained in this facility has been made available to the public since February 2010, following a decision by the Market Access Committee, which allowed the public to access both databases. Like preferential market access in the area of trade in goods, preferential liberalization of trade in services is also an objective of free trade agreements. Indeed, strengthening the liberalization of trade in services has become, along with trade in goods, an important feature of new-generation free trade agreements.  (The concept of a free trade area was originally intended exclusively for trade in goods with the GATT. An agreement with a similar purpose, i.e. improving the liberalization of trade in services, is referred to as the „economic integration agreement“ by Article V of the GATS. However, in practice, the term is often used to refer to agreements that do not only concern goods, but also services and even investments.) Article 4.2 of the Convention on Agriculture prohibits the application of non-tariff agricultural measures. These measures include quantitative import restrictions, variable import duties, minimum import prices, discretionary import authorization procedures, voluntary export restriction agreements and non-tariff measures maintained by state-owned commercial enterprises. All other similar border measures as normal tariffs are no longer permitted.
Although Article XI, paragraph 2, point c) of the GATT [cross-reference] continues to authorize non-tariff restrictions on the import of fish products, it is now ineffective for agricultural products, as it is replaced by the agricultural agreement. > anti-dumping agriculture > > > balance of payments > customs control > import authorization > agreement on information technology > rules of origin > safeguards > health protection measures > companies State Trade (Working Group) > and countervailing measures > technical barriers > facilitate textile exchanges > facilitate exchanges The rules of origin of the treaty provide free and user-friendly access to the ITC database of original and original documentation.